Hydrogen Fuel Cells  

Hydrogen Fuel

 Hydrogen Fuel & Hydrogen Fuel CellsHydrogen Fuel Cell - Green Energy is Clean Energy

 

Hydrogen Fuel Cells and Vehicles - The dream that has been chased by companies and governments for years.  It's almost here...

Imagine mass producing a hydrogen car that does not pollute the environment... it's only emission is pure clean water coming from the tailpipe.

By using hydrogen as a fuel (in a fuel cell)  greenhouse gases that cause global warming are almost completely eliminated in cars and vehicles.

Hydrogen fuel systems are high efficiency, low polluting and can be used for transportation, heating, and power generation in places where it is difficult to use or get electricity. Some people use a hydrogen fuel cell generator for remote locations

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

July  2008:  Hydrogen Bacteria to fill your gas tank

 

I just saw this articled about a Russian biology professor Sergey Markov from Austin Peay State University had discovered a way to product hydrogen fuel for cars and vehicles by using photosynthetic bacteria.   The purple bacteria currently grows in lakes, ponds, and mud.  The prototype bioreactor he build will mix the bacteria with carbon monoxide and water to make hydrogen.

 

“This is very attractive for industrial application because photosynthetic bacteria can produce hydrogen using solar light and water and we have plenty of solar light and water around,” he said.

 

He's received a grant from the U.S. Department of Energy - but says more finance and support is needed.

 

 

May  2008:

 

Check out www.ultracapacitors.org  This is promising new technology for energy storage.  Ultra capacitors will be used along with any new hybrid electric vehicle and the new BMW Hydrogen Car.

 

 

Check out this new use for hydrogen:

 

 
Unbelievable Patented Technology - .

 

 

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Honda is going to lease hydrogen fuel-cell cars

Honda announced today that they have the first hydrogen fuel cell powered vehicle for the general public.  It will be the HONDA FCX Clarity to a limited number of people in California.  The four-door sedan, powered by a hydrogen fuel-cell stack, will have zero exhaust-pipe emissions and a range of 270 miles.

General Motors also announced recenlty that it would begin testing of it's Equinox hydrogen fuel cell vehicles using US consumers in early 2008. Ten of the vehicles in the pilot, called Project Driveway, will be used by Walt Disney in California, GM said.

 

 

 

BMW Hydrogen 7  - Proves this technology isn't far away

BMW Hydrogen 7The BMW Hydrogen 7 will soon be rolling the streets of London.

 

BMW Group Head of Government and Industrial Affairs, John Hollis, said: “The use of the BMW Hydrogen 7 at the Revolve Brighton to London rally marks yet another step towards hydrogen powered cars becoming an everyday reality on the streets of this country.

“Zero emission motoring is no longer a dream and this car proves the technology isn’t as far away as some skeptics may think.  We want to kick-start the debate about the future of personal mobility and the importance of hydrogen as the definitive fuel.  The opinions of politicians and other influencers are important in driving this forward to ensure that hydrogen-power comes to fruition as soon as possible.”
 

Detail on the BMW Hydrogen 7 -   The Hydrogen 7 is based on the BMW 7 Series and comes equipped with a bivalent internal combustion engine that is capable of running on hydrogen or gasoline.   In the hydrogen mode the car emits nothing more than water droplets. It is powered by a 260hp 12-cylinder engine and will do zero to 62mph in 9.5 seconds before going on to an electronically-limited 143mph top speed.

The car has a cruising range in excess of 125 miles in the hydrogen mode with a further 300 miles under petrol power with a conventional 74-litre petrol tank and an additional hydrogen fuel tank holding up to 8kgs of liquid hydrogen, stored at -253 degrees Celsius. Engine power and torque in the Hydrogen 7 remain exactly the same regardless of which fuel is in current use, says BMW.

 

 

Advantages and Disadvantages of Hydrogen as a Fuel

 

 

What are the advantages of hydrogen?

  • Low production of greenhouse gas and emissions  (lower than current combustion engine) - it can be at almost zero emissions depending on if renewable energy was used in it's production

  • Zero emissions from fuel cells using hydrogen gas directly

  • High efficiencies when compared to internal combustion engines

  • Low noise

  • Low vibration

  • High quality electricity

What are the disadvantages of hydrogen?

  • Currently it is expensive. Large-scale production will reduce its costs

  • Range is limited with current fuel storage options

  • Current small distribution channels - California is making some serious progress

  • Many improvements are expected as this technology becomes more mature

Hydrogen Fuel Cells - What are the advantages?

 

February 2007    -   The Tide Is Turning - Cleaner Fuel

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Hybrids were the top choices for car buyers in a recent survey.  The United States has the most hybrid fans (50.9%)  compared to France (46.9%) - according to the German research firm PULS.  The German market choose diesel engines at the vehicle of the future 18.4% of the time. Corporation says that it can take nearly any waste and turn it directly into a gas rich in hydrogen that can in turn be converted to "ethanol, synthetic diesel fuel and other higher alcohol fuels."

 

In China.. 50% of the vehicle purchasers prefer hydrogen fuel cells compared to 5.2 who preferred diesel engines.  The tide is turning in the world towards cleaner hydrogen energy...

 

December 2006     -    Waste to Hydrogen

Startech Environmental Corporation says that it can take nearly any waste and turn it directly into a gas rich in hydrogen that can in turn be converted to "ethanol, synthetic diesel fuel and other higher alcohol fuels."

Startech claims its plasma converter system "safely and economically destroys wastes, no matter how hazardous or lethal, and turns them into useful and valuable products." Now, that's a pretty grandiose claim, and I'm not convinced that vaporizing medical waste is completely safe. The Department of Energy has given Startech some grant money to study hydrogen from coal.

Startech, which is based in Connecticut, has waste-to-gas production plants in China, Japan, Australia Panama, and a small plant in Bristol, Connecticut. The company also claims to be able to make ethanol from old tires. In a press release issued today, the company dedicate seven paragraphs detailing how Ford is building a truck with a hydrogen internal combustion engine, even though they have nothing to do with Ford or hydrogen engines.

Trash to steam plants to produce electricity have been proven to work, but I'm wary of companies (such as this) claiming to convert any kind of waste to hydrogen or fuel. Organic waste yes, but not any kind of junk.

 

 

September 2006     -     Hydrogen and the Wind

GM recognizes that the ultimate success or failure of fuel cell vehicles will be inextricably linked to hydrogen production from renewable resources.

In an editorial in the Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, GM chief engineer Matthew Fronk says that creating hydrogen by harnessing wind power supports the company's work on fuel cell vehicles. Put simply, automakers recognize that without an abundant hydrogen supply, there will be no market for fuel cell vehicles.

Wind energy and hydrogen production have natural synergies that together make a strong economic (and environmental) argument. The aptly named Wind Hydrogen Limited of Australia explains that excess wind energy can be used to electrolyze hydrogen, which can then be used to create electricity when the wind isn't blowing.

However, the hydrogen could instead be used to power a regional network of hydrogen fueling stations. One of the difficulties of commercializing wind energy has been the higher cost (in some places) relative to electricity from coal or nuclear power. But wind companies could make more profit by selling the hydrogen as fuel. Geography is also a limitation of wind energy as sending the electricity from remote locations via transmission lines is expensive. Hydrogen that is created in remote areas could be distributed to the surrounding community, which would likely favor buying locally instead of having fuel shipped from foreign destinations.

GM has made the biggest gambit of its life in investing in fuel cells as the "vehicle engines" of the future. Now the company is in the uncomfortable position of advocating against using products from their cozy oil friends and instead embracing alternative energy. How the company transitions to alt energy backer will likely determine its future.

 

September 2006  -  BMW will lease Hydrogen Cars

BMW Hydrogen Hybrid CarBMW is going to make a limited number of Hydrogen Series 7 sedans available for lease starting next year. To my knowledge this is the first fleet of hydrogen powered vehicles that will be made available to consumers.

 

The cars will have tanks for storing liquid hydrogen and gasoline, according to Reuters. The BMW Hydrogen 7 will emit only water vapor when burning hydrogen in the combustion engine. BMW, like many auto manufacturers, is looking at hydrogen ICEs for the short-to-long term as fuel cell vehicles are still too costly to manufacture.

 

The vehicle has a 260 hp twelve-cylinder engine and will accelerate from 0-62.1 mph in 9.5 seconds and tops out at 143 mph, according to BMW.
 

And, unlike fossil fuels and traditional gasoline, hydrogen is available in virtually infinite supply.


 BMW will also have a gas tank for those situations and times when you cannot fine any hydrogen fuel.  The automobile will have the range of 125 miles in hydrogen mode.  This is an important step towards a pollution free vehicle.

In 2008, BMW will have a sedan powered by a hydrogen internal combustion engine. The carmaker is working on hydrogen research with energy company Total, which will open three hydrogen fueling stations in Europe.

 

Schwarzenegger signs the California Hydrogen Highway

APRIL 2004 - California to Pave the Hydrogen Highway

California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger announced on April 20, 2004 his vision for the California Hydrogen Highway Network and signed an Executive Order outlining that vision.

"The goal of the California Hydrogen Highway Network initiative is to support and catalyze a rapid transition to a clean, hydrogen transportation economy in California, thereby reducing our dependence on foreign oil, and protecting our citizens from health harms related to vehicle emissions. We have an opportunity to deal with these problems by investing in California's ability to innovate our way to a clean hydrogen future, thus bringing jobs, investment, and continued economic prosperity to California. We have an opportunity to prove to the world that a thriving environment and economy can co-exist." (Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger's California Hydrogen Highway Network Action Plan)

California took a symbolic first step toward a statewide "hydrogen highway" with the dedication of a fueling station Tuesday, as Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger gave an executive order creating a public and private partnership to build a hydrogen highway in California by 2010.

"Californians invent the future, and we are about to do it again," Schwarzenegger said in a prepared statement. "We have an opportunity to prove to the world that a thriving environment and economy can coexist. This vision for California is real and attainable; however, it will take time, so we must plant the seeds now." He said he hoped to create jobs through more hydrogen research and to "prove to the world that a thriving environment and economy can coexist.''

The executive order, which Schwarzenegger announced at a hydrogen fueling station at the Institute of Transportation Studies (ITS) at the University of California at Berkeley, states that the hydrogen highway can lead to energy independence, reduce global warming and provide economic and work-force benefits to help California.

The California hydrogen highway is an ambitious plan to line the state's highways with hydrogen fueling stations in just six years and usher in an age of more environmentally friendly vehicles.

The plan calls on academic experts, the auto industry and the government to work together on a hydrogen infrastructure plan. If successful the plan would ignite a profound transportation transformation. Some have compared it to the country's move from the horse and buggy to the Model T at the beginning of the last century.

The hydrogen highway plan states that a network of 150 to 200 hydrogen fueling stations throughout the state would cost approximately $90 million, primarily from private investment. No state funding for the project was announced in the executive order.

 

A great video that shows how hydrogen fuel cells work. It was produced by the company Ballard:

 

 

 
 

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What is Hydrogen?

What is a Hydrogen Fuel Cell?

Uses of Hydrogen

Hydrogen Fuel Cell Cars

Hydrogen Fuel Companies

 

Honda FCX Hydrogen Car

 

Chevrolet Sequel Hydrogen Vehicle

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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